By Michel Dobry (auth.), Michel Dobry (eds.)
here ofexchange, and borrowing in debates among those disciplines, all of the extra so, as we will see a bit additional on, because the research of the valuable and East ecu alterations has additionally contributed to introduce into political technology and sociology theoretical systematizations first formulated in economics. as well as this commencing as much as the gadgets and theories of economics, the pseudo-"dilemma" ofsimultaneity produced, by means of one of those suggestions, one other sequence of results on transitology and the comparable examine domain names. opposite to such a lot expectancies and predictions within the wake ofthe 1989 upheavals - affirmations that the "dilemmas", "problems" or "challenges" of the transitions in significant and jap Europe should were handled and resolved one by one in series, within the demeanour of the kind of idealized trajectories of significant Britain or Spain (trajectories considerably adequate promoted, a ways past the circles of students, as a "model" of transition), and in particular, opposite to the belief that superposing a thorough financial transformation upon a transition to democracy might make the total edifice completely unworkable, risky or risky - it has to be said basically out that the 2 techniques, of their "simultaneity", usually are not inevitably incompatible. this is often one of many major findings under pressure upon in numerous chapters of this book.
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Additional info for Democratic and Capitalist Transitions in Eastern Europe: Lessons for the Social Sciences
But even if we do not have a powerful "capitalist-shackles thesis", the feudal-shackles thesis is going to fit the ideology-map of rival views of market society, and also of socialism 2J • By constraining capitalist development, the residues of feudalism (and other precapitalist legacies) are indirectly, the obstacles to socialism as well. Finally, as pointed out above, Marxism provides us with an especially powerful formulation of the "possibilist" legacy-thesis: by creating highly developed "forces of production", and its own "gravedigger", the working class, capitalism facilitates and enables the formation of socialism.
As a last resort, one could still argue that the self-contradictory nature of the system under discussion justifies even a fundamental disagreement over its core attributes. However, this view would not take us far, and would simply be incorrect, since as I will show below evoking contradicting interpretations is a feature not at all distinctive to capitalism. By a short excursion in a third realm of the history of social thought, I try to put the rivalry of views in a new light. In a third ideology map I shall demonstrate that conflicting theories adding up to a structure similar to both of the above presented tables have also been advo<;ated by observers whose ambition was to predict the dynamics of an entirely different system: socialism 16.
Rival Views of Socialism Just as it is a commonplace of western political discourse to see capitalism as a high road to democracy, until about the time prior to World War I, orthodox socialists "claimed to be the only true democrats, the exclusive sellers of the genuine stuff, never to be confused with the bourgeois fake" (Schumpeter, 1992, p. 235). Later in the century this and similar claims were repeatedly made by both the theorists and the political leaders of socialism, including Stalin, who in 1936 said, "We built a socialist sl"lciety...