By María de los Ángeles Gómez González (Ed.), J. Lachlan Mackenzie (Ed.), Elsa M. González Álvarez (Ed.)

This ebook examines the contribution of assorted fresh advancements in linguistics to contrastive research. The articles diversity throughout a huge gamut of languages, with so much awareness going to the languages of Europe. They exhibit how advances in idea and computing device expertise are jointly impacting the sector of contrastive linguistics. half I focuses, from a greatly functional-cognitive point of view, at the shut hyperlink with typology, stressing the significance of embedding the therapy of grammatical different types of their contexts of use. half II turns to methodological matters, exploring the large capability provided through parallel, computer-accessible corpora to contrastive linguistics and to improving the testability, authenticity and empirical adequacy of cross-linguistic reports. half III is worried with contrastive semantics, starting from person goods to complete grammatical structures, and exhibits how meanings are coupled to language-specific cognitive concepts or even to cultural adjustments in subjective knowledge and the fashioning of non-public identification.

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15 Nonetheless, this is not always the case. In questions, such as (38) for example, it is not the speaker but rather the addressee who is included among the non-specific referents of the reflexive impersonal. (38) Polish Co sięˉ robiłoˉ naˉ przerwach? ’ A clause such as (38) would normally be understood as asking about practices in which the addressee was involved but definitely not the speaker. In declaratives the exclusion of the speaker can be achieved contextually, as in (39) and (40) in which the speaker explicitly excludes him/herself from the range of potential referents.

Thus a clause such as (42) in Polish is only felicitous if uttered by a time traveller. In Italian the extent to which the speaker and addressee are included depends on the specificity of time reference and the nature of the verb. Cinque (1988: 542) states that while with transitive and unergative verbs in contexts of specific time reference the typically reading of the referent of the reflexive impersonal is people in general, with other verbs such as unaccusative and copulative ones specific time reference induces a first person plural interpretation.

Journal of Pragmatics 14: 739–759. Kubiński, Wojciech. 1987. Reflexivization in English and Polish: An Arc Pair Grammar Analysis. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer. Langacker, Ronald. 1991. Concept, Image and Symbol. The Cognitive Basis of Grammar. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Lehmann, Christian. 1982. ” In Apprehension. Das sprachliche Erfassen von Gegenständen, vol. 2, Hans-Jakob Seiler and Josef Stachowiak (Eds), 201–267. Tübingen: Gunter Narr. Mithun, Marianne. 1991. ” In Language Typology 1988.  Lehmann and Helen-Jo Jakusz Hewitt (Eds), 85–104.

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