By Ezzat A. Fattah

Written via an the world over well known authority within the box, the founding father of the very popular tuition of Criminology at Simon Fraser collage, the publication attracts seriously on study performed on 3 Continents: North the USA, Europe and Australia, to track the discipline's old evolution, its present difficulties, disappointing achievements, and promising developments. It concludes with a potential examine the way forward for criminology and criminology of the longer term. even if the viewpoint is important, the author's critique is confident and he expresses a fit optimism concerning the discipline's destiny and gives a number of instructions as to how present deficiencies may be remedied and current gaps should be addressed.

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Extra info for Criminology: Past, Present and Future: A Critical Overview

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Candidates lacking in new political ideas and imaginative social policies as well as those trying to appeal to right wing voters are likely to capitalize on public's fear of crime to get elected. According to Conklin (1975:25): Crime has been effectively employed by politicians - including a number of ex-policemen - to gain public support .... Deep-seated fears and concerns are aroused by crime, and the promise to reestablish law and order and to make the streets safe is an effective way to mobilize support.

Crime is not a single simple phenomenon that can be examined, analyzed and described in one piece. It occurs in every part of the country and in every stratum of society. Its practitioners and its victims are people of all ages, incomes and backgrounds. Its trends are difficult to ascertain. Its causes are legion. Its cures are speculative and controversial. The President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice (1967:1) WHAT IS CRIME? The term 'CRIME' is as central to criminology as the term 'SOCIETY' is to sociology.

2. It is becoming increasingly recognized that in a free, democratic society, the state has no right to interfere with the private lives of adult members of society and their behaviour as long as such behaviour does not cause harm to, and does not violate the rights of, others. ' 3. It is becoming increasingly recognized that not aU moral values need to be, or can be, protected by the criminal law. Criminal concepts, though The Thorny Issue of Defming Crime 39 greatly influenced by moral concepts, should be distinct.

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