By Alfred Blumstein, Jacqueline Cohen, Jeffrey A. Roth, Christy A. Visher

Quantity II takes an in-depth examine many of the elements of felony careers, together with the connection of alcohol and drug abuse to legal careers, co-offending affects on felony careers, concerns within the dimension of legal careers, accuracy of prediction versions, and moral matters within the use of felony occupation details in making judgements approximately offenders.

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Apparently, the “threat” of questions about criminal activity did not matter that much to the juvenile respondents in this sample or it mattered to the same extent across a variety of anonymous and nonanonymous methods of administration. A final method of administration, a variation of the “lie detector” (Clark and Tifft, 1966) or “bogus pipeline” models (Jones and Sigall, 1971), was also partially tested by Hindelang, Hirschi, and Weis (1981:31, 133). After the nonanonymous interview only, respondents were interviewed again about a list of neutral and criminal acts, but the answers were taperecorded and respondents were informed that a psychological stress evaluator (PSE) would enable the researchers to analyze the tapes and produce graphs that would be read for truthful or dishonest answers.

Response Categories. Self-report research on crime began with “closed-ended” questions that used “normative” response categories. The response categories in Short and Nye's original 23 delinquency items, for example, were “very often, several times, once or twice, no” (Nye, 1958:13–14). Some self-report studies have continued to use similar ordinal-level response categories, losing important information in the process and, more importantly, maintaining information that About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files.

Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. ISSUES IN THE MEASUREMENT OF CRIMINAL CAREERS 23 includes considerable error. Normative-response categories make comparisons between respondents difficult and imprecise because one respondent can check “several times” and mean nine times, whereas another may check the same response and mean three times.

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