By Dawn Moore
Attitudes towards crime, criminals, and rehabilitation have shifted significantly, but the concept that there's a causal hyperlink among drug habit and crime prevails. As legislations reformers demand dependancy remedy as a treatment to the failing struggle on medicinal drugs, it's also time to contemplate the intense implications of becoming a member of criminal and healing practices in an assumedly benevolent bid to remedy the criminal. Case reports from drug remedy courts and dependancy therapy courses illustrate the tensions among legislation and psychology, remedy and punishment, and conflicting theories of dependancy. by way of taking a look apparently at the legal addict as an artefact of felony justice, this ebook asks us to query why the criminalized drug consumer has develop into this sort of concentration of up to date legal justice practices.
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Additional info for Criminal artefacts: governing drugs and users
I have already spent some time detailing the genealogical project and want here to revisit one of its finer points. In setting out his method, Foucault (1991a) underscores the importance of studying the conduct of conduct – the particular acts of governing in their most everyday, pedestrian sense – because it is in those acts that power is most importantly revealed. The troubled spot in the grander theories of punishment, which take genealogy as their method, is that the actualities on which they are based occur only on a particular level, that of rationality; thus, they pay little attention to the question of practice.
Students in penology classes are typically taught that the age of retribution gave way to the age of reform, the age of reform to the age of rehabilitation, the age of rehabilitation to the age of incapacitation, and so on. This way of thinking about punishment gives the impression that, when we mark the end of a particular era, all of its technologies, practices, and rationalities fall out of favour. Following this logic, for example, the end of the reform era would have seen a secularization of punishment and the removal of the brutal sanctioning of prisoners.
The function and design of AGB conformed almost perfectly to the description of penal-welfarist practices set out by Garland (2001). Garland assigns a number of axioms to the welfarist project, reflecting an initiative designed to effect social reform through the appreciation of state responsibility to care for and cure the criminal. In this project, social work and psy expertise are pre-eminent. An early statement of purpose sets out specific goals for those imprisoned there. The clinic aimed to provide prisoners with: 1 opportunities to replace their illegal behaviour with a legally acceptable way of life 2 opportunities for growth towards better psychological and social adaptation 3 assistance towards their integration into the community (Archives of Ontario 1968).