By Phyllis B. Gerstenfeld

This three-volume creation to the legal justice process within the US explains a few of the different types of illegal activity in and the categories of punishment. Articles are prepared alphabetically, and are cross-referenced to different articles within the set.

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Extra resources for Crime & Punishment in the U.S. (Magill's Choice)

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Ascione, Frank R. Animal Abuse and Youth Violence. S. 10 Animal abuse Department of Justice, 2001. Report on psychiatric, psychological, and criminological research linking animal abuse—especially that perpetrated by children and adolescents—to violence against people. , and Phil Arkow, eds. Child Abuse, Domestic Violence, and Animal Abuse: Linking the Circles of Compassion for Prevention and Intervention. : Purdue University Press, 1999. Essays based on the firsthand experience of professionals working to prevent, investigate, and prosecute the abuse of animals and vulnerable people.

Arrest Definition: Taking into custody of legal authority of persons who are to be charged with criminal offenses Criminal justice issues: Arrest and arraignment; confessions; defendants; interrogation Significance: The main process through which people enter the criminal justice system, arrests may be made by law-enforcement officers or private citizens who take other persons into custody in the manner authorized by law. The function of the administration of justice in the United States is to control crime, a process performed by agents and agencies of government with assigned jobs and territorial jurisdiction.

When prisoners’ identities are established, checks are made with the records division to determine if they have outstanding warrants for other crimes and to establish if they have past criminal records. The arresting officers inform prisoners of their right to remain silent, warning them that anything they say is likely to be used in court against them, and tell them of their right to speak to an attorney prior to making any statements. This information is entered in the arrest records. Prisoners are informed of the approximate time and date of arraignment (a court appearance at which they are told of the charges against them and they enter a plea), the name of the court and its location, the law about bail, and the rules of the detention jail.

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