By Nick Tilley
This ebook offers a concise and updated account of crime prevention conception, perform and study in a kind designed to be available and engaging to either scholars and practitioners. Readers may be built to imagine in an educated and demanding method approximately what has been and can be performed in perform to avoid crime at neighborhood and nationwide degrees. what's precise within the technique is the emphasis on crime relief mechanisms, how they are activated and the meant and unintentional styles of consequence produced. every one of chapters to 5 takes this as its organizing precept. the most important. learn more... Prelims; Contents; bankruptcy 1. advent: what is to be done?; bankruptcy 2. legal justice measures and mechanisms; bankruptcy three. person measures and mechanisms; bankruptcy four. Social measures and mechanims; bankruptcy five. Situational measures and mechanisms; bankruptcy 6. Implementation; bankruptcy 7. review; bankruptcy eight. end: what is to be performed to enhance crime prevention?; Annex: Norman Storey (1946-2008); References; Index
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Additional info for Crime Prevention (Criminal Justice Series)
The deterrent effects of crackdowns appear to work by creating uncertainty about the level of risk offenders face (Sherman 1990; Homel 1995; Tilley 2004b). The police have been able to create uncertainty over risk and consequent deterrent effects through quite concentrated randomised attention to potential offenders. This has been shown most vividly in the use of randomised breath tests on drivers in New South Wales. These were conducted at a sufficiently high rate that drivers felt they faced a real and unavoidable risk of being caught if they drank alcohol and drove.
Increases in female participation in the labour market, growing levels of urbanisation, increases in numbers of single-parent families, improvements in personal transportation, and decreases in the need for domestic chores as a result of labour saving devices freed those most liable to be involved in crime from those controls that may have inhibited them in the past, or provided protection to otherwise vulnerable property. In short, more goods to pinch, fewer controls on those most apt to take them, and reduced oversight of possessions that are attractive to thieves will, other things being equal, produce more crime.
One problem with the evaluation of intelligence-led policing is that its outcomes will depend in part on the quality of information sought, the skills of the analyst, and the abilities of those receiving the information to come to good conclusions about which interventions to put in place in the specific circumstances. It may not make much sense to ask whether or nor intelligence-led policing per se reduces crime. A better set of questions would relate to the circumstances in which the preventive mechanisms targeted as a result of intelligence-led policing do or do not reduce or increase crime.