By Tim Heaton, Tony Lawson

This article deals a dependent and balanced survey of advancements within the sociology of crime and deviance. It integrates research of key experiences and theoretical debates with various actions designed to aid scholars advance their sociological realizing and abilities. suggestion is usually given on tips on how to strategy exam questions.

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26. I have taken a bicycle belonging to someone else and kept it. 12. I have broken into a little shop even though I may not have taken anything. 27. I have struggled or fought to get away from a policeman. 13. I have taken something out of a car. 14. I have taken a weapon (like a knife) out with me in case I needed it in a fight. 15. I have fought with someone in a public place like in the street or a dance. 30 Crime and Deviance 18. I have drunk alcoholic drinks in a pub under 16. 28. I have struggled or fought with a policeman who was trying to arrest someone.

I Total crimes known to the police Investigated No arrest made No court appearance-l . . . . . ---1 Total persons Convicted - - - - - - I convicted of criminal offences (Source: Adapted from P. McNeill and C. 16 Bilton et al. (1987) convey the problematic nature of official crime statistics. Reproduced below is an extract from their book, but as with the previous exercise we have deleted certain key words. We would like you to complete the paragraph by choosing appropriate words from the alternatives offered to you.

3 million over the year. 2 million cases. Again, though, caution needs to be exercised about these apparent reductions. A lot of people do not report burglaries or car crimes where a) they see little prospect of retrieving goods or getting compensation for damage, b) they are not insured or c) the loss of a 'no-claims' bonus or the threat of higher premiums on insurance deter the victims from pursuing a claim. (Source: M. 14 1. Drawing on information in Item J and other sources, identify and explain five factors that might create artificial increases or decreases in the official crime rates.

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