By Kai Chen
From comparative viewpoint, this ebook explores the dynamics of kid soldiering at the Myanmar-China border (i.e., Kachin and Shan States of Myanmar). whilst, this ebook examines the structural components and particular relationships among baby infantrymen, that have affects on baby soldiering. This ebook unearths that Myanmar has restricted energy to lessen baby soldiering at the Myanmar-China border, and there's no optimum answer for lowering baby soldiering within the close to destiny. in its place, the publication introduces the “transnational public-private partnership” procedure as a “second top” resolution and proposes appropriate countermeasures for the entire stakeholders.
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Extra info for Comparative Study of Child Soldiering on Myanmar-China Border: Evolutions, Challenges and Countermeasures
A/58/328. http://www. pdf. Accessed 21 May 2013 United Nations (2005) Children and armed conflict. S/2005/72. securitycouncilreport. org/atf/cf/%7B65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9%7D/SE%20S2005%2072. pdf. Accessed 21 May 2013 United Nations (2006) Children and armed conflict. S/2006/826. securitycouncilreport. pdf. Accessed 21 May 2013 United Nations (2007a) Children and armed conflict. S/2007/757. pdf. Accessed 21 May 2013 United Nations (2007b) Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in Myanmar.
Initially, the recruit camps were known as “Ye Nyunt” (Brave Sprouts) camps, most of which are located in the southern Shan State, and the majority of the underage recruits were street children, orphans, and children captured from the ethnic-based militias or captured from the ethnic villages (Heppner et al. 2002; Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers 2001). Until 2000, the SPDC claimed that “Ye Nyunt” was terminated, and all the underage recruits were subsequently transferred to Nationalities Youth Development Training Schools (Heppner et al.
Smith 2012) There are reports of a “one child per family” recruitment policy by the KIA. Some families apparently accept the “contribution” of one child to the KIA as their obligation (United Nations 2007). A senior KIA officer told Human Rights Watch that the KIA and its political movement the KIO have no formal policy on child soldiers: Frankly speaking, in the past the KIO was not aware of international regulations restricting child soldiers so we recruited children. In Kachin culture there are no special rights for children so they didn’t know it was wrong to do so.