By Teresa A.P. Rocha-Santos, Armando C. Duarte

Characterization and research of Microplastics, quantity 75, goals to satisfy the distance at the life of released analytical methodologies for the id and quantification of microplastics. This evaluate comprises the subsequent major subject matters: creation to the destiny and behaviour of microplastics within the setting, overview of sampling concepts and pattern dealing with, morphological, actual, and chemical characterization of microplastics, and the position of laboratory experiments within the validation of box data.

The characterization and research of microplastics is a scorching subject contemplating the present want for trustworthy info on concentrations of microplastics in environmental cubicles. This publication provides a finished evaluation of the analytical concepts and destiny views of analytical methodologies within the field.

  • Concise, accomplished assurance of analytical recommendations and applications
  • Clear diagrams effectively help very important topics
  • Includes genuine examples that illustrate purposes of the analytical thoughts at the sampling, characterization, and research of microplastics

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Rocha-Santos, (Nano)plastics in the environment e sources, fates and effects, Sci. Total Environ. 566e567 (2016) 15e26. K. Duis, A. Coors, Microplastics in the aquatic and terrestrial environment: sources (with a specific focus on personal care products), fate and effects, Environ. Sci. Eur. 28 (2016) (1) 1e25. L. Nerland, C. Halsband, I. V. Thomas, Microplastics in Marine Environments: Occurrence, Distribution and Effects, Norwegian Institute for Water Research Oslo, Norway, 2014. D. C. C. Aldridge, Microplastics in freshwater systems: a review of the emerging threats, identification of knowledge gaps and prioritisation of research needs, Water Res.

D. ), Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 227, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014, pp. 1e53. -C. Albertsson, S. Karlsson, Special issue biodegradation and biodeterioration of synthetic polymers aspects of biodeterioration of inert and degradable polymers, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 31 (3) (1993) 161e170. H. Kaczmarek, K. Bajer, P. Gałka, B. Kotnowska, Photodegradation studies of novel biodegradable blends based on poly(ethylene oxide) and pectin, Polym. Degrad.

As the matrix removal methods are destructive, samples should be taken in excess, or be subsampled, to conduct other analysis that allow to studying the plankton community present and other important biogeochemical variables that may help explaining processes involving microplastics at sea. Having extra sample setting aside could be, whenever possible, a good way to have a backup in the case of handling contamination. Microplastics Sampling and Sample Handling Chapter j 2 31 At the end of each project, it is important to consider samples storage for future reference.

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