By Charles E. Carraher Jr.

Advent to Polymers Polymer constitution (Morphology) Molecular Weight of Polymers Polycondensation Polymers (Step-Reaction Polymerization) Ionic Chain-Reaction and intricate Coordination Polymerization unfastened Radical Chain Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Copolymerization Composites and Fillers certainly happening Polymers-Plants evidently happening Polymers-Animals Organometallic and Inorganic-Organic Read more...

summary: creation to Polymers Polymer constitution (Morphology) Molecular Weight of Polymers Polycondensation Polymers (Step-Reaction Polymerization) Ionic Chain-Reaction and intricate Coordination Polymerization loose Radical Chain Polymerization (Addition Polymerization) Copolymerization Composites and Fillers obviously happening Polymers-Plants clearly happening Polymers-Animals Organometallic and Inorganic-Organic Polymers Inorganic Polymers trying out and Spectrometric Characterization of Polymers Rheology and actual exams ingredients Reactions on Polymers Synthesis of Reactants and Intermediates for

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Extra info for Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, Eighth Edition

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New materials were developed spurred on by the needs of the military, electronics industry, food industry, and so on. The creation of new materials continues at an even accelerated pace brought on by the need for materials with specific properties and the growing ability to tailor make giant molecule—macromolecule—polymers. 2 Commercialization of Selected Polymers Polymer Year Company Bakelite Rayon Poly(vinyl chloride) Styrene–Butadiene copolymer Polystyrene Neoprene Poly(methyl methacrylate) Nylon-66 Polyethylene (LDPE) Poly(dimethyl siolxane) Acrylic fiber Poly(ethylene terephthalate), PET Polyurethane block copolymers (Spandex) Poly(phenylene terephthalamide) 1909 1910 1927 1929 1929/1930 1931 1936 1939/1940 1939 1943 1950 1953/1954 1959 1960 General Bakelite Corp.

Random or statistical copolymer are not so identified in the CA index. Oligomers with definite structure are noted as dimer, trimer, tetramer, and so on. Often similar information is found at several sites. For instance, for copolymers of 1-butene and 1-hexene, information will be listed under both 1-butene and 1-hexene, but the listings are not identical so both entries should be consulted for completeness. CA’s policy for naming acetylenic, acrylic, methacrylic, ethylenic, and vinyl polymers is to use the source-based method, and source-based representation is used to depict the polymers graphically; thus a synonym for polyethylene is polyethylene and not poly(1,2-ethanediyl); a synonym polypropylene is polypropylene, and poly(vinyl alcohol) is named ethenol, homopolymer although ethenol does not exist.

Thus, there was an early association between theory and practice or structure–property relationships. In 1934, Donald Coffman, a member of the Carothers team, pulled a fiber from an aminoethylester (polyamide) polymer. The fiber retained the elastic properties of the polyesters previously investigated but had a higher melting point, which allowed it to be laundered and ironed. The field of candidates for further investigation was narrowed to two—polyamide 5,10 made from pentamethylene diamine and sebacic acid, and polyamide 6,6 synthesized from hexamethylenediamine and adipic acid.

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