By Marlia Mundell Mango (ed)

The 28 papers study questions in terms of the level and nature of Byzantine alternate from overdue Antiquity into the center a while. The Byzantine nation was once the one political entity of the Mediterranean to outlive Antiquity and hence deals a theoretical common opposed to which to degree diachronic and neighborhood alterations in buying and selling practices in the zone and past. to counterpoint past vast paintings on overdue vintage long-distance exchange in the Mediterranean (based at the grain provide, amphorae and superb ware circulation), the papers be aware of neighborhood and overseas trade.The emphasis is on lately exposed or studied archaeological proof when it comes to key issues. those contain neighborhood retail employer in the urban, a few local markets in the empire, the creation and/or movement styles of specific items (metalware, ivory and bone, glass, pottery), and items of overseas alternate, either exports reminiscent of wine and glass, imports akin to materia medica, and the inability of importation of, for instance, Sasanian pottery. specifically, new paintings on the subject of particular areas of Byzantium's overseas alternate is highlighted: in Britain, the Levant, the crimson Sea, the Black Sea and China.It contains papers of the thirty eighth Spring Symposium of Byzantine reviews, held in 2004 at Oxford less than the auspices of the Committee for Byzantine experiences.

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1 19 A map of Syria, from Al-Istakhri, Kitab al-Masalik wa-al-mamalik; copy dated Dhu al-Qa'da 696 (July-August 1297). l'The Book of Curiosities of the early 1111' century represents a second approach to regional cartography. The map of the Indian Ocean (fig. 3) and that of the Mediterranean (fig. 4) are both unique to this manuscript. Both are drawn as ovals, with no attempt made to delineate the contours of the shoreline. Arourid the peripheries of these ovals, however, new information is supplied regarding trade and travel.

Serve Lmtant. L. Casson, The Periphts Maris Erythraei: text with introduction, translation and conunentar1/ (Princeton, 1989). 42 R. Tomber, 'Rome and Mesopotamia: importers into India in the first millennium AD', Antiquity 81 (2007), 972-88, esp. 979-84, figs 5-6; eadem, Indo-Roman Trade: from pots to pepper (London, 2008), 39-43, 83, table 1 and 126, fig. 21. 43 Mundell Mango,'Maritime trade', 155-7. BYZANTINE TRADE 14 the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, finding locally carved ivory that recalls work known within the Empire.

Although it is a formally structured cosmography, dedicated to an unnamed patron, it nonetheless contains not only maps, but a Periplus of the eastern Mediterranean and other itineraries that, taken together, form an important source for information on travel, and with it trade, in the eastern Mediterranean around the years 1020 to 1050. Moreover, it contains new information on ports and itineraries in East Africa and northern India. " Remains of cooked pigs-legs were found, indicating that at least some of the people on board were neither Muslim nor Jewish.

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