By Volker Gűrtler, Robert J. Seviour (auth.), Héctor M. Alvarez (eds.)

Rhodococcus, a metabolically flexible actinobacteria that is often present in the surroundings, has won expanding curiosity because of its strength biotechnological functions. This Microbiology Monographs quantity offers a radical evaluation of many of the features of the biochemistry, body structure and genetics of the Genus Rhodococcus. Following an outline of its taxonomy, chapters conceal the structural features of rhodococcal mobile envelope, genomes and plasmids, metabolic and catabolic pathways, similar to these of fragrant compounds, steroids and nitriles, and desulfurization pathways, in addition to the adaption to natural solvents. extra reports talk about functions of Rhodococcus within the bioremediation of infected environments, in triacylglycerol accumulation, and in phytopathogenic concepts, in addition to the potential for biosurfactants. a last bankruptcy describes the only real pathogenic Rhodococcus member, R. equi.

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A LAM-like lipoglycan has also been identified in Rhodococcus rhodnii (Flaherty et al. 1996) but has not yet received full structural The Rhodococcal Cell Envelope: Composition, Organisation and Biosynthesis 39 characterisation. However, the arabinose content determined by gas chromatography suggests that this LAM might be more extensively arabinosylated (Flaherty et al. 1996).

2 Arabinogalactan Biosynthesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 LAM Biosynthesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 6 Concluding Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 R. 1 R. 1 R. 1 R. 1 Strain Name OUCZ44 Reference OUCZ58 Leigh et al. (2006) I7 Bodour et al. (2003) PR-N14 Daane et al. (2001) P2 Connon et al. 2 Fredrickson et al. (2004) Fredrickson et al. (2004) De Marco et al. (2004) LJ2 Wang et al. (2008) RG-14 Leigh et al. (2006) R. pyridinivorans LE2 Wang et al. 1 R. opacus TCH14 Taki et al. 1 R. opacus TCH4 Taki et al. 1 R. opacus TKN14 Taki et al. 1 R. opacus TKN45 Taki et al. 1 R. opacus TKN46 Taki et al. 1 R. koreensis YU6 Jang et al. 1 The list is limited by the number of relevant studies that have been performed and not all strains could be accommodated into existing species.

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