By Anne Pimlott Baker

Thought of via many the world's maximum composer, Ludwig van Beethoven accomplished his goals opposed to the problems of a bullying and drunken father, transforming into deafness and mounting ill-health. This biography tells the tale of his lifestyles and paintings from his beginning in Bonn in 1770 and his early employment as a court docket musician to his dying in Vienna in 1827. It describes his reports with Haydn in Vienna and his paintings throughout the French Revolution and the increase of Napoleon. His such a lot financially profitable interval the Congress of Vienna in 1815, regardless of numerous unsatisfied amorous affairs and non-stop fear over his nephew, Karl.

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12 He wrote to Johann Kanka: ‘I am now the real and true father of my deceased brother’s child,’ 13 and to Franz Wegeler he wrote ‘you are a husband and a father. ’14 To Karl he wrote in November 1816 that the best way to honour Caspar Carl’s memory was ‘for me to take his place and to be in every way a father to you’. 15 He deposited 4,000 florins at 8% interest with the publisher Steiner in 1816, and in 1819 withdrew it to buy eight Bank Shares as a legacy for Karl. He did feel guilty about taking Karl away from his mother and about the pain he was causing her, as entries in the Tagebuch show; for example in 1818 he wrote, ‘God .

Beethoven did not conduct but he helped to direct by beating time and when, at the end of the scherzo movement in the Ninth Symphony, the audience broke out into applause, the contralto soloist, realizing that Beethoven was unaware of it, turned him round so that he could see the ovation. But to Beethoven’s disappointment the concert made a profit of only 420 florins, and at the celebration dinner afterwards he accused the theatre management and Schindler of cheating him. Nevertheless the concert was repeated on 23 May but this time the theatre was half empty – the performance was held in the middle of a very fine day, when many people had already left Vienna for the summer – but fortunately the manager had guaranteed Beethoven 500 florins.

Between 1816 and 1819 Beethoven completed very few major works. Many of his earlier compositions were published during these years but fewer new ones were written, although he spent longer working on his compositions, sketching his ideas and considering every note, often revising works right up to the date of publication. In June 1816 Dr Karl Bursy wrote that Beethoven had not been well for a long time and had composed nothing new. The song cycle An die ferne Geliebte (‘To the Distant Beloved’) op.

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