By F. B. Singleton, D. F. Bratchell and E. F. Candlin (Auth.)

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The Germans, who adhered to the Roman Church, became the spearhead of its missionary activity in central and HISTORICAL SURVEY 27 Eastern Europe. Indeed, the idea of the Holy Roman Empire was that of an alliance between German temporal power and the spiritual authority of the Pope, to create throughout Europe a new and larger Roman Empire from the ashes of the one which had been destroyed by the barbarians. The idea of the unity of Christendom was supported both by Rome and Byzantium, and was accepted by rulers throughout Europe.

The Protestant Reformation won a temporary victory in Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, but the Catholic counter-Pttack was so successful in this area that even in Bohemia, the home of John Hus, Roman Catholics now outnumber Protestants. Poland, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia and Croatia are still predominantly Roman Catholic areas, whereas the churches of Serbia, Bulgaria, Rumania and Russia belong to the Eastern (Orthodox) community. The first German ruler to attempt the creation of a Holy Roman Empire was Charlemagne, who became King of the Franks in 771.

The Protestant Reformation won a temporary victory in Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, but the Catholic counter-Pttack was so successful in this area that even in Bohemia, the home of John Hus, Roman Catholics now outnumber Protestants. Poland, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia and Croatia are still predominantly Roman Catholic areas, whereas the churches of Serbia, Bulgaria, Rumania and Russia belong to the Eastern (Orthodox) community. The first German ruler to attempt the creation of a Holy Roman Empire was Charlemagne, who became King of the Franks in 771.

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