By Patricia Melzer

Notwithstanding set in different worlds populated by way of alien beings, technology fiction is a domain the place people can critique and re-imagine the paradigms that form this international, from basics reminiscent of the intercourse and gender of the physique to international strength kinfolk between sexes, races, and international locations. Feminist thinkers and writers are more and more spotting technology fiction's power to shatter patriarchal and heterosexual norms, whereas the creators of technological know-how fiction are bringing new intensity and complexity to the style through enticing with feminist theories and politics. This publication maps the intersection of feminism and technological know-how fiction via shut readings of technological know-how fiction literature through Octavia E. Butler, Richard Calder, and Melissa Scott and the flicks "The Matrix" and the "Alien" sequence. Patricia Melzer analyzes how those authors and movies symbolize debates and ideas in 3 components of feminist notion: id and distinction, feminist evaluations of technological know-how and know-how, and the connection between gender identification, physique, and hope, together with the recent gender politics of queer wants, transgender, and intersexed our bodies and identities. She demonstrates that key political components form those debates, together with worldwide capitalism and exploitative classification family inside of a becoming overseas approach; the influence of computing device, commercial, and clinical applied sciences on women's lives and reproductive rights; and post-human embodiment as expressed via biotechnologies, the body/machine interface, and the commodification of wish. Melzer's research makes it transparent that feminist writings and readings of technology fiction are a part of a feminist critique of current energy kinfolk - and that the alien buildings (cyborgs, clones, androids, extraterrestrial beings, and hybrids) that populate post-modern technology fiction are as most likely empowering as they're threatening.

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Additional resources for Alien Constructions: Science Fiction and Feminist Thought

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How is the identity of the author (either her or his own or that prescribed by critics and readers) relevant to the meaning of the text? What perspectives on power do concepts of identity and difference provide? In order to explain her fascination with power, Butler has said, ‘‘I began writing about power because I had so little’’ (quoted in Govan, ‘‘Connections’’ 82). In Black Women, Writing, and Identity, Carole Boyce Davies examines the construction of female subjectivity through literary and cultural texts.

It is crucial to examine how feminist models of subjectivity/resistance are represented in mainstream cultural texts and the ways in which the strategic position of ‘‘other’’ is undermined by its representation by and for mainstream audiences. If the appropriation and re-creation of popular images is a subversive move, how does a reappropriation by mainstream culture of these images affect the process of resistance? In what ways can the text remain subversive, and does the reappropriated image actually undermine the radical potential of the counter-discourse it reflects?

And of an increasingly global capitalism in which Western technologies are imposed onto a Third World. Joseba Gabilondo warns in ‘‘Postcolonial Cyborgs: Subjectivity in the Age of Cybernetic Reproduction’’: ‘‘When Foucault proclaimed the death of ‘Man’ in 1966, he did not realize that capitalism does not get rid of its old technologies and apparatuses; instead it exports them to the Third World’’ (424). A feminist cyborg consciousness can only be I N TR O D U C TI O N 27 transgressive and oppositional when developed in a critique not only of sexual but also of racial and class difference.

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