By Helga Stan-Lotter (auth.), Prof. Dr. Helga Stan-Lotter, Dr. Sergiu Fendrihan (eds.)
Once thought of unheard of rarities, extremophiles became appealing items for simple and utilized learn starting from nanotechnology to biodiversity to the origins of lifestyles or even to the quest for extraterrestrial existence. numerous novel features of extremophiles are coated during this booklet; the focal point is first of all on strange and no more explored ecosystems corresponding to marine hypersaline deeps, severe chilly, wasteland sands, and man-made fresh rooms for spacecraft meeting. Secondly, the more and more advanced box of functions from extremophile learn is taken care of and examples akin to novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection concepts for power extraterrestrial existence kinds are presented.
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Additional info for Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application
Mar Geophys Res 27:49–59 Matsubaya O, Sakai H, Torii T, Burton H, Kerry K (1979) Antarctic saline lakes – stable isotopic ratios, chemical compositions, and evolution. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 43:7–25 Omoregie EO, Mastalerz V, de Lange G, Straub KL, Kappler A, Roy H, Stadnitskaia A, Foucher JP, Boetius A (2008) Biogeochemistry and community composition of iron- and sulfur-precipitating microbial mats at the Chefren mud volcano (Nile Deep Sea Fan, Eastern Mediterranean). Appl Environ Microbiol 74:3198–3215 35 Hypersaline extreme environments: geochemistry and microbiology Oren A (1999) Microbiological studies in the Dead Sea: future challenges toward the understanding of life at the limit of salt concentrations.
2006). The Menes Caldera is a circular depression with a diameter of 8 km that is approximately 50–100 m deep, at a water depth of about 3000 m in the western area of the Nile Deep Sea Fan. The caldera contains three mud volcanoes named Chefren, Cheops and Mykerinos. Chefren is about 500 m in diameter and rises about 60 m above the bottom of the caldera. Omoregie et al. (2008) discovered that the centre of the Chefren volcano is ﬁlled by a brine and mud lake. 3 Geochemical features of DHABs The different origins and locations make each DHABs a speciﬁc environment with a peculiar geochemical setting.
Deep Sea Res 54:1146–1172 Eder W, Ludwig W, Huber R (1999) Novel 16 S rRNA gene sequences retrieved from highly saline brine sediments of kebrit Deep, Red Sea. Arch Microbiol 172:213–218 Eder W, Jahnke LL, Schmidt M, Huber R (2001) Microbial diversity of the brine – seawater interface of the Kebrit Deep, Red Sea, studied via 16 S rRNA gene sequences and cultivation methods. Appl Environ Microbiol 67:3077–3085 Eder W, Schmidt M, Koch M, Garbe-Shonberg D, Huber R (2002) Prokaryotic phylogenetic diversity and corresponding geochemical data of the brine – seawater interface of the Shaban Deep, Red Sea.