By William E. French
The mining increase that started in northern Mexico within the Nineties set in movement primary social switch. at the one hand it uprooted many employees, and the worries of presidency officers, middle-class, reformers, and corporate managers coalesced into legislation and courses to regulate the stressed plenty. yet alterations within the mining economic climate and political tradition additionally brought about type awareness between retailers and artisans in addition to expert and unskilled employees. This examine of the Hidalgo mining district in Chihuahua from the Eighteen Nineties to the Twenties examines classification formation, specifically its relation to social keep watch over, renowned values, and pre-industrial traditions. In arguing that classification id stemmed much less from the character of one's paintings than from the ideals one held, this paintings brings jointly the disparate subject matters of ethical economic climate of mine employees, new mining expertise, and the administration coverage of mine vendors through the Mexican Revolution.
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Extra info for A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico
45 Accident reports for mines in Hidalgo District between 1900 and 1920 (discussed in greater detail in Chapter 5) reveal a terrible carnage. Over the long term, however, silicosis must have exacted an even greater toll in workers' lives. In the 1920s, ASARCo officials confirmed that Parral's ores were a particularly dangerous source of silica. 46 Technological Change Underground Between 1870 and 1910, within the mine itself, one age ended and another began as hand drilling with bar and sledge and blasting with black powder gave way to mining with pneumatic drill and dynamite.
51 Such opinions reveal an ignorance of the social dimension of double-handed drilling. In many Mexican mining camps, relativesoften a father and sonlabored together on a drilling team to the benefit of both workers: while the father passed his mining skills to the next generation, the younger man prolonged the father's working life by spending more time in swinging the sledge. 52 Above all else, the industrialization of metal mining meant power drilling rather than drilling by hand. By the early years of the twentieth century, workers in North American mines operated compressed-air drills.
Technological change in the extraction of ore led mine managers to demand a new type of mine worker who, according to the Engineering and Mining Journal, was far less efficient as an individual worker but worked as part of a system to deliver more tons of ore and at a lower cost than before. 47 Mine managers in the American West, for example, had initially hired experienced Cornish miners because they possessed the latter attributes. 48 In mid-nineteenth-century Mexico, mine workers, known as barreteros, working with picks, wedges, sledges, bars, and black powdertechnology that had not changed much since the colonial perioddrew on their experience to determine how mining would be carried out.