By Robert C. King

The ebook of this absolutely up-to-date variation of A Dictionary of Genetics coincides with the hundredth anniversary of the creation of the time period genetics through William Bateson in 1906 on the 3rd overseas convention on Genetics. in view that then genetics has made super advances in wisdom and method and now occupies a pivotal place within the existence sciences because the strongest skill for probing basic questions in mobilephone biology, improvement, and evolution. The decision of sequences of entire genomes, the learn of gene expression and genetic version on a world scale, and the facility to swiftly enlarge gene sequences and to accomplish precise gene disruptions are only a few examples of significant achievements during this box. Proliferation of latest phrases necessarily accompanies such extraordinary growth. This re-creation of the Dictionary addresses the wishes of scholars, educators, and medical geneticists for an authoritative and updated reference paintings that not just defines the most recent phrases, yet typically, additionally offers vital ancillary encyclopedic info. A Dictionary of Genetics is exclusive in that it comprises phrases from quite a lot of disciplines which now intertwine with genetics, together with molecular biology, cellphone biology, drugs, botany, and evolutionary experiences. Its 7,000 cross-referenced definitions are supported by means of an outstanding selection of line drawings, tables, and chemical formulae. One-fifth of the Dictionary is dedicated to 6 appendices to which the definitions are cross-referenced and which comprise a unprecedented trove of supplementary details. This encompasses a chronology of vital advances spanning the years 1590 to 2005, lists of precious websites and periodicals, a class of dwelling organisms into an evolutionary hierarchy, and a pattern desk of genome sizes and gene numbers. those positive factors make A Dictionary of Genetics a lexicon exceptional within the box. For the 1st time, the Dictionary is out there on Oxford Reference on-line (ORO): top rate assortment!

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It is one of the few vertebrates able to regenerate entire body structures. See Appendix A, Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Amphibia, Urodela; Appendix C, 1882, Flemming; neoteny, regeneration. amelogenins highly conserved proteins that are secreted by ameloblasts and constitute 90% of the organic matrix in the enamel of teeth. The amelogenins of humans come in a number of isoforms; the most common one contains 192 amino acids. The genes that encode amelogenins reside on the X and Y chromosomes.

Anthropoid designating the great apes of the family Pongidae, including the gibbons, orangutans, gorillas, and chimpanzees. anthropometry the science that deals with the measurements of the human body and its parts. ) for auxin receptor sites. A well-known antiauxin is 2,6-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. antibiotic a bacteriocidal or bacteriostatic substance produced by certain microorganisms, especially species of the genera Penicillium, Cephalosporium, and Streptomyces. See actinomycin D, ampicillin, chloramphenicol, cyclohexamide, erythromycin, ka- antihemophilic factor namycin, neomycin, novobiocin, penicillin, puromycin, semisynthetic antibiotic, streptomycin, tetracycline.

The variation in the sequences within the alphoid DNA results in a high frequency of RFLPs. These are inherited and can be used to characterize the DNAs of specific individuals and their relatives. See DNA fingerprint technique, restriction fragment length polymorphisms. alteration enzyme a protein of phage T4 that is injected into a host bacterium along with the phage DNA; this protein modifies host RNA polymerase by linking it to ADP-ribose. RNA polymerase modified in this way renders it incapable of binding to sigma factor and thus unable to initiate transcription at host promoters.

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