By Bhikkhu Bodhi
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Extra resources for A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma
Upekkhāsahagataṁ ñāṇasampayuttaṁ asaṁkhārikam ekaṁ. Upekkhāsahagataṁ ñāṇasampayuttaṁ sasaṁkhārikam ekaṁ. Upekkhāsahagataṁ ñāṇavippayuttaṁ asaṁkhārikam ekaṁ. Upekkhāsahagataṁ ñāṇavippayuttaṁ sasaṁkhārikam ekan ti. Imāni aṭṭha pi sahetuka-kāmāvacara-kusalacittāni nāma. 1. One consciousness, accompanied by joy, associated with knowledge, unprompted. 2. One consciousness, accompanied by joy, associated with knowledge, prompted. 3. One consciousness, accompanied by joy, dissociated from knowledge, unprompted.
Consciousness can also be 26 1. Compendium of Consciousness classified on the basis of other principles besides plane. One principle of classification that plays an important role in Abhidhamma philosophy is “kind,” or “nature” (jāti). With respect to its nature, consciousness divides into four classes: unwholesome, wholesome, resultant, and functional. Unwholesome consciousness (akusalacitta) is consciousness that is accompanied by one or another of the three unwholesome roots — greed (lobha), hatred (dosa), and delusion (moha).
The Vibhāvinī-Ṭīkā and the Mahā-Ṭīkā to the Visuddhimagga maintain that the distinction in terms of prompting is omitted because neither alternative is applicable. They state that, since these two cittas lack natural acuteness, they cannot be described as unprompted; and, since there is no occasion when one deliberately tries to arouse them, they cannot be described as prompted. Ledi Sayādaw, however, rejects this position, holding these cittas to be exclusively unprompted. He contends: “Since these two cittas occur in beings naturally, by their own intrinsic nature, they need not be aroused by any inducement or expedient means.